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The most comprehensive coverage on the construction of Statutes. It includes parts of statutes,Extrinsic-Aids,Intrinsic aids, Reading down, Amendments,Repeals,codifications,Quasi-Judicial agencies,Non-obstante clause,Mandatory/Declatory provisions,Tax ,Beneficial, Criminal,Fiscal Statute's Interpretation and sub-ordinate legislations.Besides it contains the Rules of Interpretation and the Role of Judiciary.Citations are in abundance.

Friday, May 7, 2010

Chapter-23 Construction of federal and State Statues-Australia-Part-6

Determination of Head of Legislature Power under constitution

The general principles to be applied in determining whether a law is with respect to a head of legislative power are well settled. It is necessary, always, to construe the constitutional text and to do that "with all the generality which the words used admit"[1]. The character of the law must then be determined by reference to the rights, powers, liabilities, duties and privileges which it creates[2]. The practical as well as the legal operation of the law must be examined[3]. If a law fairly answers the description of being a law with respect to two subject-matters, one a subject-matter within s 51 and the other not, it is valid notwithstanding there is no independent connection between the two subject-matters[4]. Finally, as remarked in Grain Pool of Western Australia v The Commonwealth[5], "if a sufficient connection with the head of power does exist, the justice and wisdom of the law, and the degree to which the means it adopts are necessary or desirable, are matters of legislative choice.[6]

[1] R v Public Vehicles Licensing Appeal Tribunal (Tas); Ex parte Australian National Airways Pty Ltd [1964] HCA 15; (1964) 113 CLR 207 at 225-226; Grain Pool of Western Australia v The Commonwealth (2000) 202 CLR 479 at 492 [16].

[2] Kartinyeri v The Commonwealth [1998] HCA 22; (1998) 195 CLR 337 at 352-353 [7], 372 [58]; Grain Pool (2000) 202 CLR 479 at 492 [16].

[3] Re Dingjan [1995] HCA 16; (1995) 183 CLR 323 at 369; Grain Pool (2000) 202 CLR 479 at 492 [16].

[4] Re F; Ex parte F [1986] HCA 41; (1986) 161 CLR 376 at 388; Grain Pool (2000) 202 CLR 479 at 492 [16]

[5] Grain Pool of Western Australia v The Commonwealth ] (2000) 202 CLR 479 at 492 [16].

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